Shepard was the second human and the first American to fly in space. Kennedy unveiled the commitment to execute Project Apollo on this date in a speech on "Urgent National Needs," billed as a second State of the Union message. In announcing the lunar landing commitment he said: "I believe this Nation should commitment itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth.
He reached a speed of 5,100 miles per hour and his flight lasted 14.8 minutes. faced extraordinary challenges and needed to respond extraordinarily.
Shepard demonstrated that individuals can control a vehicle during weightlessness and high G stresses, and significant scientific biomedical data were acquired.
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The objective was to bounce radio beams off the satellite as a means of long-distance communications. 1961 NASA launched Mercury 2, a test mission of the Mercury-Redstone capsule-launch vehicle combination with the chimpanzee Ham aboard during a 16 1/2 minute flight in suborbital space. Freedom 7, the first piloted Mercury spacecraft (No. Shepard, Jr., was launched from Cape Canaveral by MercuryRedstone (MR3) launch vehicle, to an altitude of 115 nautical miles and a range of 302 miles.
This group had been instrumental in building the V-2 rocket, the world's first operational long-range ballistic missile. 1960 NASA successfully orbited Echo 1, a 100-foot inflatable, aluminized balloon passive communications satellite.
The Scout's four-stage booster could place a 330 pound satellite into orbit, and it quickly became a workhorse in orbiting scientific payloads during the 1960s. 1960 On this date the Army Ballistic Missile Agency of the Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama, formally became a part of NASA and was renamed the George C. This organization included the German "rocket team" led by Wernher von Braun that came to the United States at the conclusion of World War II.
Roscosmos decided to postpone the planned September 23, 2016 launch of the spacecraft “Soyuz MS – 02 ” for technical reasons after routine tests at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The launch date of the spacecraft will be announced later.