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Pipe stem dating You have recovered sixty-three pipe stem fragments from Verysignificantsite. Harrington's initial studies, the time periods and average bore diameters are as follows (Deetz 19): Look at the number of stems you recovered and determine which bore diameter is represented by the most pipe stems.
You wish to analyze these pipe stems to determine when your site was most heavily occupied. Match the most frequently occurring diameter with Harrington's bore diameter chart above.
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The idea of smoking tobacco came from the American Indian, who had long fashioned their own clay pipes.
These, no doubt served as a model for later pipe development. (see Walker, TD pipes, Bulletin of Archaeological Society of Virginia, Vol.
By 1558 tobacco smoking had been introduced to Europe.
The clay pipe industry expanded rapidly as tobacco smoking gained popularity in both England and America. Harrington studied the thousands of pipe stems excavated at Jamestown and other colonial Virginia sites, noticing a definite relationship between the diameter of the pipe stem bore—or hole—and the age of the pipe of which it had been part.
Historical archeologists excavating English colonial sites often find pieces of white clay smoking pipes on their sites. The earliest pipes, dating to about 1600, had stems with 9/64-inch diameter bores.